Eastphalia, US

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A Technocracy is a society governed by people chosen for their technical or scholarly abilities.   This is similar to the Adhocracy of Alvin Toffler, which encourages governments to arrange decisionmakers by abilities rather than election results.    For example, if a government is in financial crisis, people with strong financial educations - regardless of political background - will be given leading decision-making powers.   This is a step above the advisory condition; for example, when NASA needs political action on science and space exploration, they provide their advice to politicans who then make decisions within the political arena.  In a technocacy, NASA would be a decision-making body unto itself.    Decision-making on a truly fact-based and educated basis should result in more effective results, and avoids being swayed by personal and emotional basis as politicians are sometimes subject to.

A drawback of the Technocracy is that those people best educated in the subjects that need political decision-making also have a vested personal interest in the objectives of the decision-making.  For example, if the experts in oil exploration are elevated into politics for the purpose of making decisions regarding oil-well drilling on public lands, the people who are experts likely already have a significant financial interest in the oil companies that would be doing the drilling.   A technocracy runs the risk of bypassing the lobbyist movement, placing lobbyists directly into decision-making positions.  Also, the narrow decision-making view of an expert may be blind to the overarching effects of their decisions, whereas politicians are experienced in framing decision-making for public benefit, rather than the successful results of individual decisions.