Eastphalia, US

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A utopia is an idealized and optimistic view of now a society may be structured to result in the most positive possible experience for its inhabitants.

The word itself was coined by Thomas More for his 18th century utopian novel.   The Greek roots of the word translate, literally, as "nonexistent place".   It is wise to remember this root when considering a utopia's place in the real world.

Utopias, particularly in fiction, magnify or emphasize one or a few particular facets of society for the purpose of more clearly analyzing the society as a whole.   Using a narrow scope and ignoring things outside of a society's control, utopias grow large and broad in the pages of a book.  When applied to the real world, utopias may lack the resources to handle inter-society interactions, natural disasters, financial ruin, and unenthusiastic citizens. 

By analyzing those various facets, though, the larger society may adsorb some utopian ideals without abandoning less utopian concepts.  Most labor-saving technological enhancement has its roots in utopian desire, as do the achievements of the labor movement and the civil rights movement.   Much of today's first-world society originated from the minds of utopian philosophers, even if the utopia itself never left the pages of its book.